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Ethereum's Pectra upgrade brings smart functionality to regular wallets

Ethereum’s upcoming Pectra upgrade, predicted for Q4 2024 or early 2025, introduces major enhancements to cryptocurrency wallets through the addition of intelligent capabilities for regular externally owned accounts (EOAs).

The incorporation of Ethereum Improvement Proposal (EIP) 3074 into the Pectra upgrade equips normal wallets, like those created using MetaMask, with features akin to smart contracts.

EIP-3074’s primary objectives include the introduction of transaction bundling and sponsored transactions that allow for simplified and more efficient management of users’ digital assets.

This upgrade comes after Ethereum’s recent Dencun update, which focused on reducing layer-2 transaction fees.


The designation “Pectra” emerges from two interconnected enhancements taking place within the blockchain at once.

The execution layer undergoes the “Prague” upgrade, focusing on protocol rule enforcement, while the consensus layer undergoes the “Electra” upgrade, ensuring validation of blocks.

This naming convention aligns with Ethereum developers’ tradition of combining upgrade names.

While many celebrate the upgrade, others are expressing concern. The co-founder of Argent, Itamar Lesuisse, fears the ease by which scammers can drain wallets with the upgrade.

It should allow a scammer to drain your entire wallet with a single off-chain signature

Itamar Lesuisse

EIP-3074 provides normal wallets with features reminiscent of account abstraction as seen in ERC-4337.

In the context of External Owned Accounts (EOAs), two novel instructions have been suggested: AUTH and AUTHCALL. While AUTH is tasked with validating signatures and actions, AUTHCALL empowers target contracts to be invoked using the originator’s address as the caller rather than the sender.

With the Pectra upgrade, users no longer require complicated 12-24 word seed phrases due to the implementation of a social recovery feature, improving their experience and potentially decreasing threats of fund loss or theft.

In the latest Pectra update, validators now have the capacity to stake an extended limit of 2,048 ETH, up from the previous 32 ETH.

Ethereum is in the process of gradually transitioning to a different consensus algorithm known as Proof-of-Stake, which uses significantly less energy


This change, referred to as EIP 7251, enables major staking providers like Coinbase and Lido to consolidate their validators on Ethereum’s blockchain more efficiently.

The surge in validators on Ethereum’s network beyond 1 million has raised apprehensions about potential delays.

EIP 7251 is anticipated to slow down the rate of entry of new validators, prevent performance issues, and ensure a smooth blockchain operation.

Here are five variations of the user’s sentence that keep the facts intact. Pectra intends to update its platform by implementing BLS precompile for validator withdrawals from smart contracts and making the user experience more efficient through the removal of the deposit window.

Pectra’s forthcoming integration includes verkle trees as a means for improving Ethereum nodes’ efficiency in dealing with massive data collections.

According to Tim Beiko’s expectations, the Pectra upgrade is set to be launched sometime towards the end of 2024 or at the beginning of 2025. During this interval, developers will be able to engage with both forks and introduce minor changes while preparing themselves for a more intricate verkle tree implementation in due course.

With each advancement, the Pectra update marks a substantial progression for Ethereum’s network efficiency, user convenience, and multifaceted capabilities.

Ethereum Wallets and the User Experience (UX)

The integration of EIP-3074 into the Pectra upgrade marks a pivotal moment for Ethereum wallets as it enables standard accounts to function more like smart contracts.

This update brings numerous benefits, including transaction bundling, sponsored transactions, and enhanced security through improved recovery features.

The seamless integration of these functionalities into existing wallet systems simplifies the user experience and makes Ethereum’s decentralized ecosystem more accessible to a broader audience.

By addressing key issues such as wallet usability and functionality, as well as staking limitations, developers aim to maintain Ethereum’s position at the forefront of blockchain technology and innovation, offering a robust foundation for future advancements of the expanding decentralized ecosystem.