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Vitalik Buterin addresses Ethereum’s mev, staking complications, and node hardware challenges

Vitalik Buterin, the co-founder of Ethereum, has written a detailed post about some important challenges facing the Ethereum network.

He focused on three key areas: Miner Extractable Value, staking complexities, and the hardware needed to run nodes. Despite these concerns, Buterin noted that these issues might not be as difficult to solve as many think.

Strategies to tackle MEV

MEV denotes the profit that block producers can achieve by altering the order, including or excluding transactions within a block. Those who create Ethereum blocks can garner additional profits through MEV by rearranging transactions.

This system manipulation tips the scale, favoring those with more resources and skills, which leads to an unfair playing field. It erodes trust within the network and disadvantages smaller participants. Buterin suggests two main strategies to tackle MEV: minimization and quarantining.

Encrypted transaction pools help mitigate exploitation by concealing transaction details until they are confirmed. This ensures that resource-rich and less experienced participants can trade fairly, bolstering trust and decentralization within the network. Protocols like CowSwap are instrumental in minimizing unfair value extraction by promoting equitable trading practices.

Mitigating MEV’s impact involves implementing MEV quarantining through Proposer-Builder Separation (PBS). This approach effectively separates the duties of validators and block builders.

Those proposing transactions lack the authority to include them in blocks, significantly reducing value extraction risks. Vitalik Buterin also highlighted inclusion lists as a potential solution to mandate specific transactions in a block.

He further stressed the importance of minimizing the “MEV quarantine box,” implying that these containment measures should be as limited and focused as possible.

Easier ETH staking and nodes

To stake solo on Ethereum, you need at least 32 ETH and a strong technical skillset. This often pushes users to opt for services like Lido or RocketPool, which can potentially compromise decentralization.

Vitalik Buterin suggested several new ways to solve hardware and data storage problems for nodes. Using technologies like Verkle trees and introducing EIP-4444 could reduce storage needs to under 100 gigabytes.

This change would let nodes run smoothly on personal devices. Additionally, Buterin suggested lowering the current 32 ETH staking minimum to make staking easier for more people. Vitalik Buterin imagines a future where even browser extension wallets can operate nodes.

Yet, he cautions that decentralizing data storage could lead to a concentration of trust among a few major players.

Buterin’s message is to improve Ethereum as it grows. This means addressing MEV, making staking easier, and reducing the need for powerful hardware for nodes. These are important steps to make Ethereum more decentralized and strong.

SEC pushes for Spot ETH ETF updates

The SEC has asked exchanges to speed up their updates for Spot Ethereum ETF applications. A report from Coinbase says the SEC is pushing exchanges interested in ETH ETFs to hurry with their updates. This suggests the SEC might approve these ETF applications before Thursday’s important deadline.

Ethereum might soon follow Bitcoin by launching its own ETF. However, before that can happen, applicants need to get approval for their S-1 applications. The SEC has a history of delaying decisions on Bitcoin and Ethereum ETFs, but early reports on Monday hint at a quicker decision this time. This change means Ethereum ETFs could become available soon.

The first Ethereum ETFs can only be introduced once the SEC greenlights both the 19b-4s and the S-1s. Approval of both elements is essential for ETH ETFs to be introduced.

ETFs are investment funds that you can buy and sell on stock exchanges. These funds hold different assets like stocks, commodities, or cryptocurrencies. Like buying stocks, ETFs give you an easy way to invest in various assets.

In January 2024, the SEC they approved the first cryptocurrency ETFs, specifically for Bitcoin, the most popular cryptocurrency. This critical decision led to many applications for Ethereum-based ETFs, both before and after the approval.